Historic Aberdeen Gardens – Virginia
AAHPF makes every effort to enhance public awareness of African American historic and endangered sites in many ways. The Foundation nominated the Historic Aberdeen Gardens for the Preservation Alliance of Virginia Award in 1995.
In November 1995, Aberdeen Gardens Historic & Civic Association received one of six awards from the Preservation Alliance of Virginia for its preservation efforts. Over thirty proposals had been submitted for this prestigious award.
Historic Aberdeen Gardens was the only New Deal resettlement community designed and built by and for African Americans in the 1930's in Hampton Virginia. It was the aim of the Franklin Delano Roosevelt administration to develop at least ten percent of these resettlements for African Americans, many of whom were living in poverty before the Depression era.
Historic Aberdeen Gardens was intended to be the model for other resettlement communities of low-income, rural and urban black families. In addition to the uniqueness of being the first black community development in the United States, the planning and design of Historic Aberdeen Gardens were unique as well. Noted Washington architect Hilyard R. Robinson was appointed to design the project. The Historic Aberdeen Gardens, now a historic district, consists of 158 single-family homes that still exist today.
Old Anacostia Historic District - Washington, DC
The Anacostia Historic District is an area of approximately 20 squares in southeast Washington. Uniontown, the core of the historic district was incorporated in 1854 and was one of the first suburbs in the District of Columbia. It was designed to be financially available to Washington's working class, most of who were employed across the river at the Navy Yard.
The initial subdivision of 1854 carried restrictive covenants prohibiting the sale, rental or lease of property to any Negro, Mulatto, or anyone of African or Irish descent. However, by 1880 approximately 15 percent of the residents were African American and today probably 99 percent. The historic district retains much of its mid-to-late 19th-century low scale, working class character as is shown in its architecture.
While the neighborhood is fairly homogenous and a strong sense of order prevails, a great deal of variety and visual richness exists. Projecting porches and varied rooflines create a strong sense of rhythm up and down the streets. Relatively simple, standard house forms feature some of the most varied and original detailing. Individuals chose their own porch trim, iron fences, window and gable treatments and other decorative details.
The frame houses are mostly Italianate and Cottage style with some scattered examples of Queen Anne. Interspersed are brick rowhouses, churches and two commercial streets Good Hope Road, and Martin Luther King, Jr., Avenue, but with few exceptions, the commercial buildings mirror the low-scale residential character of the neighborhood.
It also contains within its boundaries, the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, (14th and W Streets, SE) home of the developer of Uniontown, which was later bought by Frederick Douglass, who was often referred to as the "Sage of Anacostia." After decades of neglect, Anacostia's citizens are working to revitalize the neighborhood.
The Anacostia Historic District is roughly bounded by Martin Luther King Ave. on the west, Good Hope Rd. on the north, Fendall St. and the rear of the Frederick Douglass home on the east, and Bangor St. and Morris Rd. on the south. Most of the buildings are private residences and not open to the public.
Excerpts from the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places.
In January 1999, the African American Heritage Preservation Foundation, Inc. nominated Washington, DC's Anacostia Historic District and its surrounding community as one of the eleven most endangered historic places in the United States.